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The 5 stages of group development explained

Supervisors of the team during this phase are almost always participating. Even the most high-performing teams will revert to earlier stages in certain circumstances. Many long-standing teams go through these cycles many times as they react to changing circumstances.

performing stage of group development

Mourning or adjournment is transient and typically only lasts a short while. The period of adjournment or mourning ought to pass quickly once you’re able to concentrate on a new work project or start working with a new team. Creating a closing celebration that acknowledges the contributions of individuals and the accomplishments of the team and that formally ends this particular team’s existence. Conflict, controversy and personal opinions are avoided even though members are beginning to form impressions of each other and gain an understanding of what the group will do together. Then, they should draw their team logo on the paper and share it with the other groups. Initially, instruct the members to discuss and come up with a few logo ideas for their team.

Stage #1 — The Forming Stage

As they grow more comfortable working together, team members are more comfortable asking for help completing a task or getting constructive feedback. Your team starts to increase their productivity at this stage as they become more familiar with their teammates and their working styles. Instead, they adopt an open exchange of ideas and opinions and learn about what it’s really like to work together.

performing stage of group development

Leadership is shared, and members are willing to adapt to the needs of the group. Information flows seamlessly and is uninhibited due to the sense of security members feel in the norming stage. Now that the group has established group norms and resolved most interpersonal issues, the focus of the group shifts to its tasks.

Mentors can also encourage and support the hard work that the group is doing to achieve its goals. Group Norms All groups have established norms — acceptable standards of behaviour shared by their members that express what they ought and ought not to do under certain circumstances. The members appropriately direct workflow and are able to bring up potential issues, reliably resolve conflicts and embrace creative or unconventional ideas. This high level of performance means that all team members are self-sufficient and confident enough with their problem-solving skills to be able to work without supervision by leaders.

Leadership strategies to facilitate successful team development

Each stage promotes particular team and individual improvements that lead to the successful completion of the team’s project. It’s crucial to keep in mind that conflict within a team is both beneficial and typical. Most teams can get past the “storming” phase and develop into a well-oiled machine. At its peak, the group moves into the fourth stage of group development, known as the performing stage.

  • A group might be happily Norming or Performing, but a new member might force them back into Storming, or a team member may miss meetings causing the team to fall back into Storming.
  • However, in this stage task completion may be below average as the team is more focused on building a team.
  • Mentors can encourage mentees to try a new strategy for academic success.
  • “Resolved disagreements and personality clashes result in greater intimacy, and a spirit of co-operation emerges.” This happens when the team is aware of competition and they share a common goal.
  • Some believe this cautious behavior prevents the group from getting any real work done.
  • The Performing stage is what your team is really after — in this stage, you and your team get to enjoy synergy.

Each Forming Storming Norming Performing phase outlines the various team members’ roles and behaviors. This also helps team leaders to anticipate risks and issues as their teams complete a project. A team will successfully complete the project if they follow the steps as they are laid out.

Performing Stage

Clarity on the various avenues of communication allows team members to effectively get work done, understand their roles, and know where to find the information they need about work. Establishing a communication plan can help you do all of these things in a way that’s easy for your team to follow. Tuckman’s original work simply described the way he had observed groups evolve, whether they were conscious of it or not. In CORAL, the real value is in recognizing where a team is in the developmental stage process, and assisting the team to enter a stage consistent with the collaborative work put forth. In the real world, teams are often forming and changing, and each time that happens, they can move to a different Tuckman Stage.

Those responsible for team development can use Tuckman’s model to help guide the team through each of the stages. A group can move in different possible directions from the performing stage of group development. If the group was created for a specific task or project, the group will be ready to move to the adjourning stage, when it completes its work.

They keep the team in line with the goals but don’t overly interfere in the process. The team leader takes the role of the curator, stepping aside and giving more freedom of action to the team. At this stage, the team negotiates and makes decisions among themselves. The majority of your time should typically be spent on the performing stage of group development. In the performing stage, productivity and efficiency are extremely high.

Resources created by teachers for teachers

Then, the next person continues the story by mentioning another teammate. To advance from this stage to the next stage, each member must relinquish the comfort zone of non-threatening topics and risk the possibility of conflict. This is also the time in which teams can celebrate everything they have achieved together.

Tuckman only added the fifth and final stage in 1977, together with Mary Ann C. Jensen who had previously reviewed his original paper. The interconnectedness of the roles of mentors and mentees in pre-service teacher education mentoring relationships.Australian Journal of Teacher Education ,35, 42. Michael Buono, CEO of New York developer and contractor Mulberry talks to BHN about attention to detail and evoking emotion in a building’s end user. Rickards and Moger proposed a similar extension to the Tuckman model when a group breaks out of its norms, through a process of creative problem-solving. Your team has made it through the stormy weather of the previous stage. As team members get to know each other, they are ready to move to the next stage.

performing stage of group development

The group now has a structure and a way of working together that will support reaching the goals that group members have set for themselves. In the performing stage, it’s time for the group to get things done. Members are motivated to work together as a cohesive group and they find ways to solve lingering or new disagreements. In this stage, group morale and loyalty are high, and the group is characterized by trust, experience, intimacy, and competence.

Tips for using Tuckman’s stages of group development

This involves removing all the blockages that may come their way with the right efforts and strategy. They should be able to make better decisions, perform better, and complete tasks with minimal supervision. If group members are able to evolve to stage four, their capacity, range, and depth of personal relations expand to true interdependence. In this stage, people can work independently, in subgroups, or as a total unit with equal competencies. The major drawback of the norming stage is that members may begin to fear the inevitable future breakup of the team; they may resist change of any sort. Learn what forecasting in project management is and how to improve it….

The 5 stages of group development explained

As a leader, here you should make sure that things are working according to your plans. True interdependence is the norm of this stage of group development. The team is flexible as individuals adapt to meet the what are the four stages of team development needs of other team members. This is a highly productive stage both personally and professionally. This stage begins to occur as the process of organizing tasks and processes surface interpersonal conflicts.

Unless the team is patient and tolerant of these differences as well as willing to address and work on them, the team and project cannot succeed. A general idea of what types of vegetables they could grow is forming and includes tomatoes, cucumbers, zucchinis, and peppers. At the last moment, Daisy also suggests they grow 20 sq feet of broccoli. Tuckman would later go on to say that his group-forming model gained such popularity because the names of the first 4 stages formed a perfect rhyme — considering that they all end in “ming”. Big fan of playing tennis, snowboarding, traveling, reading books, and I live and breathe our product.

This can lead to conflict, disputes, and competition, depending on how their expectations, workflows, ideas, and opinions differ. Now, these 5 stages are vital to help you anticipate your team effectiveness, i.e. your ability to be efficient and productive with your work, both as individuals and as a group. Well-developed teaching skills for training and encouraging the team to work autonomously, at the latter stages of group development. Although some conflicts may arise at this stage, the team successfully resolves them without any participation from the leader.


Concluding a group can create some apprehension – in effect, a minor crisis. The termination of the group is a regressive movement from giving up control to giving up inclusion in the group. The individual roles your team members play are incredibly important to team performance. These roles could be the official title they were hired to do, or the role they fit into naturally within the group dynamic.

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